科研星球

收藏!100+同义词(动词)使你的SCI论文“高大上”

当你写英语论文的时候,有没有觉得自己的写作风格很low,有没有觉得自己的写作语言很Chinglish?虽然学术论文的写作风格比较保守,但是这不意味文章应该写得很枯燥。枯燥的写作会使得读者在刚开始阅读就失去了继续阅读的兴趣。


现在的学术论文发表不仅仅是科研成果的比拼,更是英语写作能力的比拼。优秀的英语写作可以提高论文发表的几率。英语写作涉及内容有很多,这篇文章会向大家介绍SCI论文中常用的一些动词和相应的替换词,让你的SCI论文写作“高大上”。

和中文一样,英语也有同义词。使用一些同义词,可以更有力、更生动地重新表达整个句子。如果你经常使用主动语态而不是被动语态,你会发现这个任务更容易完成。在使用同义词库来识别同义词时要小心,确保同义词符合语境。为了帮助大家在学术论文中建立一个强大的常用短语库,我们列出了英文论文写作时可以考虑的同义词列表。虽然我们不建议完全摒弃原来的短语,但我们建议在这些短语中穿插一些推荐的替换短语,使你的论文更加生动。

根据写作内容和表达含义,这些同义短语可以分为6组:描述当前研究、概括研究背景、描述研究要素、讨论实验结果、说明实验方法、解释研究影响


1. 描述当前研究



目的
原始词组
推荐词组
表达研究目的
aims to
  • This paper + [use the verb that   originally followed "aims to"] or This paper + (any other verb listed above as a substitute for “explain”) + who/what/when/where/how X. For example:“This paper applies X to Y,” instead of, “This paper aims to apply X to Y.”
  • “This paper explores how lower sun exposure impacts moods,”instead of, “This paper aims to address the impact of lower sun exposure on moods.”
介绍研究主题
discusses 
presents
  • surveys
  • questions
  • highlights
  • outlines
  • features
  • investigates
分析研究结果
considers
analyzes
explains
  • evaluates
  • interprets
  • clarifies
  • identifies
  • delves into
  • advances
  • appraises
  • defines
  • dissects
  • probes
  • tests
  • explores
*Adjectives   to describe degree can include: briefly, thoroughly, adequately,   sufficiently, inadequately, insufficiently, only partially, partially, etc.
概括文章内容
covers deals with talks about
  • outlines
  • highlights
  • sketches
  • assesses
  • contemplates
[any of the verbs suggested as   replacements for “explain,” “analyze,” and “consider” above]



2. 概括研究背景



目的
原始词组
推荐词组
阐述研究意义
plays an important in [nominalization]

plays a vital role in [nominalization]
  • Topic significantly/considerably +
  • influences
  • controls
  • regulates
  • directs
  • inhibits
  • constrains
  • governs
  • + who/what/when/where/how… 
  • *In other words, take the nominalized verb and make it the   main verb of the sentence.
描述应用广泛
…is widely   accepted as…

…is widely used   as…

  • Widely accepted, …   [to eliminate the weak be verb]
  • The preferred…
  • Commonly/Frequently   implemented,… [to eliminate the weak be   verb]
  • The prevailing   method for…
描述近期关注
Much attention has been drawn to

…has gained much importance in recent years
  • Discussions   regarding X have dominated research in recent years.
  • …has appealed to…
  • …has propelled to   the forefront in investigations of Y.
  • … has   dramatically/significantly shaped queries on X in recent years.
  • …has critically   influenced academic dialogue on Y.
阐述当前观点
The consensus has  been that…
  • Prior research generally confirms that…
  •  Several studies agree that…
  • Prior research substantiates the belief that…
描述参考文献
indicate
have documented
have demonstrated
have shown that
  • contend
  • purport
  • suggest
  • proffer
  • have proven that
  • evidence
表达当前问题
Much is known about…
But,little is known about…
  • The academic   community has extensively explored X…
  • Prior research has   thoroughly investigated….
  • However, little   research has been conducted to show…
  • However, prior studies have failed to evaluate/identify / (any other word suggested to replace “analyze”above)
表达研究问题
Several theories have been proposed to explain…
To solve this problem,many researchers have tried several methods
  • Recent/Previous studies have promoted…
  • Prior investigations have implemented/queried diverse approaches to…
  • A number of authors have posited…



3. 描述研究要素



目的
原始词组
推荐词组
表达一致观点
supports
  • substantiates
  • confirms
  • corroborates
  • underlines
给出矛盾观点
calls into question
  • challenges
  • disputes
  • rebuts
  • refutes
  • disproves
  • debunks
  • invalidates
  • rejects
  • questions
讨论研究局限
The limitations of this paper include:
  • These investigations, however, disregards…
  • This method/approach fails to…
  • This study only…
  • …falls short of addressing/identifying / illustrating…
  • A drawback/disadvantage of this framework is…
  • This framework,however, solely pertains to…



4. 讨论实验结果



目的
原始词组
推荐词组
阐述实验结论
suggest
show
appeared
was observed to
  • extrapolate
  • deduce
  • surmise
  • approximate
  • derive
  • extract
  • evidence
  • manifested
  • surfaced
  • materialized
  • yielded
  • generated
  • perceived
  • detected



5. 说明实验方法



目的
原始词组
推荐词组
阐述实验方法
used
performed
was created to…
was used to…
was performed to…
  • applied
  • administered
  • employed
  • diffused
  • disseminated
  • relayed
  • This study/ research…
  • simulated
  • replicated
  • imitated+“X environment/condition to..”



6. 解释研究影响



目的
原始词组
推荐词组
解释影响
demonstrates
shows
  • illustrates
  • proves
  • evidences
  • strengthens (the position that)
强调结论
establishes
proves
  • attributes
  • illustrates
  • advances (the idea that)
解释对当前研究现状的影响
offers
introduces
  • ushers in
  • proffers
  • conveys
  • promotes
  • advocates
  • introduces
  • broach (issue)
  • reveals
  • unveils
  • exposes
  • unearths


提供论文英语质量的方法有很多,本文给出了一些常用的同义词,可以简单、直接地提高论文写作语言和风格。相反,如果文章中频繁使用一些常见的动词(use、propose、show等)会使得我们的论文很枯燥,我们希望这篇文章能够帮助读者的论文锦上添花。


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